The Ranters were alleged to be one of many religious sects in the early modern English Commonwealth (the seventeenth century), and were regarded as heretical by the established Church of that period. They were promoted as such, with pamphlets and other materials condemning the group, along with other religious so-called sects such as the Anabaptists and She-preachers. The Ranter’s beliefs centred on the concept that God itself, as a spiritual entity, existed only within ones person, and not as an outside force, and so denounced religious institutions. They embraced antinomianism, believing that moral law is of no use or obligation because faith alone is necessary to salvation. Because of this, the Ranters gained an unfavourable reputation, seen as hedonists known for their excesses with drinking, smoking, sexual practices etc, such as the image suggests, with (controversially for the time) women presented as prominent members of the community, lewd sexual practices, and nudity. Pamphlets such as this one helped to marginalise the group, and due to their distinct lack of a plan of action, very little are known from evidence in print of the Ranter’s actual nature.